1 is World AIDS Day; a time to celebrate the many lives saved by HIV
prevention and treatment programs. It also serves as a reminder that we
all must do more—as individuals, communities, and as world citizens—to
fight the spread of HIV and AIDS.
the world, 33 million people are living with HIV with nearly 7,500 new
infections occurring each day. An estimated 3 million people are now
receiving antiretroviral treatment in low and middle-income countries.
In the United States, CDC estimates that about 1.1 million people
are living with HIV. These numbers will most likely increase over time,
as antiretroviral drug treatments extend the lives of those with HIV
and more people become HIV infected. As expected, as the number of
people living with HIV grows, so does the opportunity for those with
HIV to pass on the virus to others.
CDC currently estimates that approximately one in five persons
living with HIV in the United States is unaware of his or her infection
and may be unknowingly transmitting the virus to others. Since anyone
can be at risk for HIV, CDC recommends that adults and adolescents
between the ages of 13 and 64 years of age be routinely screened for
HIV infection in healthcare settings. Pregnant women in the U.S. should
be screened for HIV infection as part of their routine prenatal
Once tested, individuals can take steps to protect their health or,
if infected, they can gain access to health-sustaining treatments and
care, and help prevent the spread of the disease to others.
On this World AIDS Day 2008, we all need to commit to expanding the
reach of effective prevention efforts to those at risk and those living
with HIV in order to stop the further spread of HIV in the United
What Can You Do?
Wherever your work, or whatever you do, you can join CDC and its
partners in supporting World AIDS Day. Your support will help end the
Get tested for HIV. To find a testing site center near you, visit hivtest.org or, on your cell phone, text your zip code to Know IT (566948).
Participate in the Facing AIDS campaign. Take a picture of yourself wearing a red ribbon and add the photo to the "World AIDS Day 08" Flickr group*, your social network profiles, Twitter, blog, and/or Web site before December 1. Leave it up for at least a week.
Stand up against stigma, racism, and other forms of discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS.
Donate time and money to HIV/AIDS organizations.
Organizations are encouraged to:
Promote World AIDS Day in your organization. Useful materials are available at hivtest.org
Encourage employees to get involved in World AIDS Day.
Educate staff about HIV/AIDS.
Develop HIV/AIDS policies for the workplace.
November 28, 2008 / 57(47);1273
November 28, 2008 / 57(47);1273
World AIDS Day --- December 1, 2008
December 1 is World AIDS Day. Begun in 1998, World AIDS Day draws attention to the current status of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic. According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, in 2007, approximately 33 million persons worldwide were living with HIV, 2.7 million were newly infected, and 2 million died from AIDS-related causes (1).
In 2006, an estimated 1.1 million persons in the United States were living with HIV (2), and 56,300 were newly infected (3). HIV infection in the United States disproportionately affects blacks, Hispanics, and men (of all races/ethnicities) who have sex with men (2--4). During 2006, the rates of new infections in the United States were estimated to be 83.8 per 100,000 population among blacks, 29.4 per 100,000 among Hispanics, and 11.5 per 100,000 among whites (3).
Information about World AIDS Day is available at http://www.cdc.gov/features/worldaidsday. Information about CDC's international HIV/AIDS program is available at http://www.cdc.gov/globalaids. Information about CDC's domestic HIV/AIDS program is available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv.
1. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Report on the global AIDS epidemic, 2008. Available at http://www.unaids.org/en/knowledgecentre/hivdata/globalreport/2008/2008_global_report.asp.
2. CDC. HIV prevalence estimates---United States, 2006. MMWR 2008;57:1073--6.
3. Hall HI, Song R, Rhodes P, et al; HIV Incidence Surveillance Group. Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States. JAMA 2008;300:520--9.
4. Hall HI, An Q, Hutchinson AB, Sansom S. Estimating the lifetime risk of a diagnosis of the HIV infection in 33 states, 2004--2005. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2008;49:294--7.