Sunday Nov 23, 2008 (foodconsumer.org) -- The CDC recommended in 2006 that patients in emergency rooms and doctor's offices
should be routinely tested for HIV, but many doctors have not followed the
recommendation because of a variety of reasons, according to a new report presented this week at a conference
The report reviewed a number of studies and found that merely
5 percent of patients with evidence of serious illness in hospital emergency
rooms are being routinely tested for HIV that causes AIDS, Veronica Miller,
director of the Forum for Collaborative HIV Research at the George Washington
University School of Public Health and Health Services was cited as saying.
In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
recommended that patients age 13 to 64 should be routinely tested, they can opt
out if they want to. Below is cited from the CDC detailing the recommendations.
Many factors can lead to the reluctance for doctors to
order a HIV testing for their patients.
The significant ones include the perception of clinicians that it takes
too much time to finish the test and the difficulty getting some health
insurance companies to pay for the tests.
The tests can cost patients anywhere from $80 to $120 per
person if they have to pay anything.
testing can be a saliva test and if necessary or a confirmatory blood test.
Kevin Fenton, director of HIV prevention at the CDC, the
health agency that promotes disease control and prevention concurred and was
quoted by Washington Post as saying that "Reimbursement is a major barrier
to routine testing."
Studies presented at the two-day submit found that in
urban ERs, infection rates could run from 0.5 to 1 percent of people
For instance, according to
Washingtonpost, the saliva test offered at the emergency department at George
Washington University revealed an infection rate of 0.8 percent in those who
accepted to be tested.