November 2, 2008 (foodconsumer.org) – A new
study published in the November 2008 issue of Diabetes Care suggests that
eating an energy dense diet may increase risk of developing diabetes.
The rate of diabetes has doubled in the
past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention or CDC.
dense diet has been linked in early studies to obesity which has in turn been
associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
And the editorials for the CDC report said
the increased diabetes prevalence has something to do with obesity, which is
also on the rise in the U.S.
current study showed those who consumed energy dense diets were more likely to
develop type 2 diabetes compared to those who ate low-energy density diets.
the study, Wang J and colleagues from Institute of Metabolic Science in
Cambridge, United Kingdom followed men and women ages 40 to 79 who participated
in The European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk Cohort Study
for 12 years.
subjects, who were free of diabetes, cancer, or cardiovascular disease when
entering the study, were questioned for their dietary habits and the
researchers calculated the energy density of their diets based on results from
food frequency questionnaires.
researchers found that after adjusting age, sex and baseline body mass index, energy
density at the time the study began was higher in those who developed diabetes
(3.08kJ/g) during the follow-up than those who did not develop the disease (3.01
higher the energy density of a diet, the higher the risk of diabetes.
One unit of increase in energy density was associated
with an increase of 21 percent in the risk.
who were in the quintile consuming diets with the highest energy density (ranging
from 3.55 to 7.97 kJ/g were 60 percent more likely to develop diabetes than
those who were in the quintile consuming diets with the lowest energy density
(1.04 to 2.43 kJ/g).
researchers concluded "This is the first large population-based
prospective study to report that an energy-dense diet may be associated with
increased risk of development of diabetes, independent of baseline obesity. The
potential public health impact of a low-energy-dense diet on reducing the risk
of diabetes deserves further study."
who used a high energy density diet may be at risk of overeating and obesity, a
health observer commented. The study did not say if there was an association
between obesity and consumption of a high energy dense diet.
Chances should be good that the association existed.
with 90 to 95 percent type 2 affects about 30 million of Americans. It may be
caused by a variety of risk factors including older age, lower educational
attainment, low physical activity, obesity, and weight gain.
The data in the CDC’s Morbidity and
Mortality Weekly Report show that in the past decade, incidence (new cases) of
diagnosed diabetes has increase from 0.48 percent during 1995-1997 to 0.91
percent in 2005-2007 in 33 states surveyed.
2 diabetes - a condition in which cells do not use insulin properly to convert
sugar to energy leading to buildup of sugar in the blood can cause
complications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and poor
circulation in the feet.
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