In the National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, we'd like
women to be aware that breast cancer is largely a preventable disease and they
can avoid the disease by simply following a healthy lifestyle including healthy
Below is a summary of reports we reported on diet and
lifestyle and risk of breast cancer to give readers some basic ideas as to what
they can do to lower their risk.
A new study published
online on August 27, 2008 in American Journal
of Epidemiology Advance Access
increased intake of dietary vitamin D such as taking vitamin D supplements and
exposure to sunlight may reduce the risk for breast cancer by more than 20
Another study by researchers
from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and other organizations suggests
that taking vitamin D supplements may help breast cancer patients.
The study led by Dr. Nancy Davidson, director
of the breast cancer program and colleagues showed women with breast cancer who
had a vitamin D deficiency at the time diagnosis had a higher risk of
recurrence or death from the disease.
and team found only 24 percent of the patients had adequate levels of vitamin D
in their blood when the disease was diagnosed, which the researchers said
suggests that vitamin D deficiency is linked to poorer outcomes in breast
A new study in the journal Breast Cancer
Research indicates that women with a mutation in the gene BRCA1, which
predisposes women to breast cancer, should avoid putting weight in early
adulthood, especially if they plan to have children.
The study found that women with a mutation in
BRCA1 were 65 percent less likely to develop breast cancer if they lost weight
between 18 and 30 years of age.
Radiation therapy often used in breast cancer
patients can lead to angiosarcoma, an uncommon yet very aggressive malignant
neoplasm in the breast, according to a case report authored by Kunkel T and
colleagues at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich in Munich, Germany.
The report titled "Recurrence of
secondary angiosarcoma in a patient with post-radiated breast for breast
cancer" was published in the Nov, 2008 issue of Archives of gynecology and
study published in the August 18, 2008 issue of Carcinogenesis suggests that
diet and lifestyle make a huge difference. The study showed that high fiber
bread was significantly associated with a 25 percent decreased breast cancer
High fiber bread was also linked
to reduced risk of both estrogen receptor alpha positive and estrogen receptor
beta positive breast cancer.
One study released in the April-June, 2008 issue
of Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention showed poor antioxidant status
was associated with increased risk of breast cancer.
Specially, low intake of vitamin A was linked
with 200 percent higher risk of the disease while low intake of vitamin E was associated
with a nearly 300 percent higher risk compared to those who had high intake of
The study was
conducted by Sharhar S and colleagues at National University of Malaysia.
A UK study reported in British Journal of Cancer
(2007) 96, 1139-1146 suggests that eating processed meat can drastically
increase risk for breast cancer. The study led by E. F. Taylor at the
University of Leeds in the UK and colleagues found those who ate the highest
amounts of processed meat were 64 percent more likely to have breast cancer
than those who did not eat any.
The latest report on diet and cancer risk
published by the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) shows convincing
evidence that alcohol intake raises risk for breast cancer. For every 3 ounces
of wine, 9 ounces of beer or 1 ounce of 80-proof liquor consumed each day, the
risk can be increased by 6 to 10 percent.
A study in the October 1, 2008 issue of the
International Journal of Cancer showed high omega 6 fatty acids in the diet
could raise risk of breast cancer.
good news is that heterocyclic amines commonly formed in protein-rich foods
such as meat and fish prepared at high temperature do not appear to increase
Overweight women may be more likely to be
diagnosed with advanced breast cancer, according to a new study presented at
the Population Health 2008 Conference in Brisbane.
A study by Dr. Theodore Widlanski and colleagues
from Indiana University and the University of California and published in the
journal Chemistry & Biology showedbreast cancer cells can pick up bisphenol
A indicating that this chemical may have something to do with the development
of breast cancer.
A study published Dec.
8 in the online edition of Reproductive Toxicology suggests that exposure of
female fetuses to bisphenol A or BPA may likely increase their risk of breast
cancer in adulthood.
Eating too much meat and sweets may increase
risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, particularly those with heavy
weight, a new study suggests.
Shanghai Breast Cancer Study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology,
Biomarkers & Prevention found women who followed a Western-style diet full
of meat; sugar, and refined grain were at a much higher risk of breast cancer
compared to those who ate large amounts of vegetables, soy and freshwater fish.
Long term daily use of ibuprofen was linked to
an increased risk of breast cancer and long term daily use of aspirin was
linked to an increased risk of estrogen receptor /progesterone receptor
(ER/PR)-negative breast cancer, according to a new study in the June 1 issue of
the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
replacement therapy (HRT) increases risk of recurrence of breast cancer,
according to a new study in the journal of the National Cancer Institute.
The study showed that women with breast
cancer who used hormone replacement therapy were twice as likely as those who
did not to have recurrence of the disease.
Breast cancer is expected to be diagnosed in more than
185,000 women and to kill 45,000 each year in the United States.
No significant progress has been made to
reduce the risk ever since the cancer war was declared in 1971.
Each year, the National Breast Cancer
Awareness Month campaign supported by medical organizations and a drug company
seems only interested in rounding up women for screenings and early
While early diagnosis and
treatment are important, prevention is even more important.
Luckily for those who want to control the fate
of their lives, there is something they can do to help prevent the disease.
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